Dafabet Review

One of the Most Trusted Names for Betting in Asia

Available to all customers making their first deposit with Dafa Sports | Deposits in INR only | 18+ | Payment restrictions may apply | 15x wagering required | Expires after 45 days | Full T&Cs apply
  • Available offers are exclusive for all INR currency players who will make their first deposit in Dafa Sports.
  • Wagering Requirement:
  • 160% FDB up to INR 10,000
  • Maximum Sports bonus is INR 10,000
  • Wagering requirement : 15x (Deposit + bonus) on odds 1.50 and above to be able to withdraw.
  • 70% FDB up to INR 15,000
  • Maximum Sports bonus is INR 15,000
  • Wagering requirement : 12x (Deposit + bonus) on odds 1.50 and above to be able to withdraw.
  • Draw, voided, cashed out, refunded and bets placed on eSportsbull, Fantasy Sports, vir2uals and Kiron will not count towards any wagering requirement calculation.
  • First deposit bonus has an expiration of 45 days. Once expired, bonus and winnings will be reversed
  • Multiple account creation is not allowed. Players who create multiple accounts will not be awarded with the bonus.
  • Players found and confirmed to have fraudulent accounts will not be awarded with the bonus.
  • Only one account and one offer per player are allowed. Players will be immediately banned, and have their accounts locked and funds forfeited if they open multiple accounts and/or display any behavior that is deemed as bonus abuse.
  • Dafa Sports has the right to amend, cancel, refuse, or reclaim any promotion in its sole discretion.
  • Dafa Sports reserves the right to make the final decision.
  • Recipients of any First Deposit bonus will not be eligible for any rebates or cashback until the wagering requirement has been finished.
  • Promotion General T&Cs apply.
Bonus Type Matched First Deposit
Min Deposit ₹1000
Bonus Details 160% Welcome Bonus Up to ₹10,000 on Your First Deposit
Wagering Requirement 15x at odds of 1.50+
Claim!
×
Dafabet
Bonus: 160% Bonus Up to ₹10,000
Topics

Available to all customers making their first deposit with Dafa Sports | Deposits in INR only | 18+ | Payment restrictions may apply | 15x wagering required | Expires after 45 days | Full T&Cs apply
  • Available offers are exclusive for all INR currency players who will make their first deposit in Dafa Sports.
  • Wagering Requirement:
  • 160% FDB up to INR 10,000
  • Maximum Sports bonus is INR 10,000
  • Wagering requirement : 15x (Deposit + bonus) on odds 1.50 and above to be able to withdraw.
  • 70% FDB up to INR 15,000
  • Maximum Sports bonus is INR 15,000
  • Wagering requirement : 12x (Deposit + bonus) on odds 1.50 and above to be able to withdraw.
  • Draw, voided, cashed out, refunded and bets placed on eSportsbull, Fantasy Sports, vir2uals and Kiron will not count towards any wagering requirement calculation.
  • First deposit bonus has an expiration of 45 days. Once expired, bonus and winnings will be reversed
  • Multiple account creation is not allowed. Players who create multiple accounts will not be awarded with the bonus.
  • Players found and confirmed to have fraudulent accounts will not be awarded with the bonus.
  • Only one account and one offer per player are allowed. Players will be immediately banned, and have their accounts locked and funds forfeited if they open multiple accounts and/or display any behavior that is deemed as bonus abuse.
  • Dafa Sports has the right to amend, cancel, refuse, or reclaim any promotion in its sole discretion.
  • Dafa Sports reserves the right to make the final decision.
  • Recipients of any First Deposit bonus will not be eligible for any rebates or cashback until the wagering requirement has been finished.
  • Promotion General T&Cs apply.
Bonus Type Matched First Deposit
Min Deposit ₹1000
Bonus Details 160% Welcome Bonus Up to ₹10,000 on Your First Deposit
Wagering Requirement 15x at odds of 1.50+
Claim!
×
Dafabet
Bonus: 160% Bonus Up to ₹10,000
opics

Dafabet Review

One of the Most Trusted Names for Betting in Asia

Deposit at Dafabet with:

review by: Jim

You might know Dafabet from their football sponsorships. But what do they offer cricket fans?

Discover how they compare to the best betting sites in India. The initial signs are great thanks to a valuable welcome bonus and a cricket cashback offer.

We cover every angle in this Dafabet review so you can bet with confidence.

 

Dafabet’s Welcome Offer in India – Up to ₹10,000 with

It’s really easy to find the promotions page. This is a great start!

Dafabet’s welcome bonus for Indian customers is an impressive first deposit bonus of 150% up to INR 10,000, which is a great starting point before you do anything else. Although not immediately advertised, there’s also a first deposit bonus of 60% up to 15,000.

Be careful not to make any other deposits until you’ve claimed this welcome bonus. If you do, you won’t be eligible for the bonus again.

Dafabet welcome bonus India

How to Claim The Welcome Offer

  1. Go to the Dafabet Indian site.
  2. Use the sliding banner to locate the 150% welcome bonus. Alternatively, click on the promotions button on the home page’s top banner. This is currently called “Promotions.”
  3. Create an account by filling in your personal information. This is a simple and easy process, so it won’t take long.
  4. Deposit at least INR 1,000. This can be done by either local bank transfer or e-wallet options such as Skrill, Neteller and ecoPayz.
  5. When depositing, the bonus code field is where you claim which offer you’d like. At the time of writing, you’ll see the 150% or 60% options. The current bonus codes for these are DSFDB150INR19 and DSFDB60INR19, so choose the one you’d like.
  6. You now have 45 days to wager through the bonus. If you’ve claimed the 150% deposit, the wagering is 15x the deposit plus the bonus. It’s 12x if you’ve claimed the 60% matched deposit. For example, if you’ve deposited INR 10,000 for the 150% bonus, your total available funds are INR 20,000 and you need to place bets totalling INR 375,000 (25,000 x 15).
  7. All bets need to be at odds of at least ½ (1.50).
  8. Once all qualifying bets have been settled, you can withdraw.

Note that the above deposit codes and promotional bonuses may change at any time, so check on the site or with Live Chat if you need confirmation.

Once you’re registered, all promotions that are available to you will be displayed in your account.

Welcome Offer Terms and Conditions

  • Existing customers can claim if it’s their first transaction.
  • Only one first deposit bonus per customer, family, address, shared computer and IP address.
  • Minimum deposit INR 1,000
  • Maximum bonus INR 15,000.
  • Bonus money credited upon first deposit.
  • Minimum wagering of the bonus is 12x for the 60% FDB and 15x for the 150% FDB.
  • Bets drawn, voided, cashed out, refunded or placed on Jackpots and Virtuals don’t count.
  • Minimum odds are ½ (1.50).
  • Bonus expires after 45 days.
  • Deposit method, withdrawal restrictions and full T&C’s apply.
  • 18+. www.begambleaware.org

Other Promotions In India

Once you’ve completed the welcome bonus, there’s even more fun to be had with Dafabet. They have an amazing 15 promotions available to customers in India.

These cricket offers are available at the time of writing, so be sure to check in your account as to what’s currently available:

  • Maximum cricket cashback.
  • Bitcoin first deposit bonus.

We go into detail on the above two offers shortly. However, there are some other excellent offers which might be available. Check your account for these:

  • eSports first deposit bonus.
  • Pro Kabaddi cashback.
  • Celtic FC and Norwich City FC prediction challenges.
  • 1% unlimited virtual sports rebate.
  • US sports cashback offers.
  • Refer A Friend.
  • VIP bronze.
  • eSports cashback.

Dafabet Maximum cricket cashback

Maximum Cricket Cashback

Dafabet’s cricket cashback offer is your chance to receive up to INR 15,000 every week in cashback.

Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Head to the maximum cricket cashback page.
  2. Fill in the opt-in form to join the VIP Bronze program, which is currently free to join.
  3. Place your cricket pre-match bets at minimum odds of ½ (1.50).
  4. If your bet loses, you’ll receive a 10% cashback bonus into your account on the following Monday.
  5. You then need to wager this 10% bonus 1x to withdraw any winnings.

Since this is a 10% cashback on losing bets, be aware of how much you bet each week. Losing bets over INR 111,000 in a week won’t be eligible for a bonus refund.

Maximum Cricket Cashback Terms and Conditions

  • Valid for all VIP players.
  • Offer only valid from August 1– September 30.
  • Both pre-match and live bets on all cricket bets are considered.
  • Minimum odds are ½ (1.50).
  • Bonus issued every Monday during the promotional period.
  • Wagering of 1x before the player can withdraw.
  • Bonuses credited during a 1-week period are deducted before computing weekly cashback bonus.
  • Bets drawn, voided, cashed out, refunded or placed on Jackpots and Virtuals don’t count.
  • Only one active bonus at any time is possible.
  • Players must have multiple deposit counts to be eligible.
  • Deposit method, withdrawal restrictions and full T&C’s apply.
  • 18+. www.begambleaware.org

Bitcoin First Deposit Bonus

It’s great that Dafabet is promoting the use of cryptocurrency, of which Bitcoin is the most famous. The cool thing about this offer is that it can be used on cricket betting in India.

Here’s how to claim this offer

  1. Open a new mBTC (Bitcoin) account with Dafa Sports. Ensure you use the same name and date of birth as your original account if you’ve already registered an INR sports account.
  2. Make sure you select the Bitcoin (mBTC) option as your currency when registering.
  3. When registered, your account will be flagged as an mBTC player and granted the VIP Bronze level.
  4. Deposit up  to 20 mBTC using OpenNode or Coinify.
  5. You’ll then receive a 50% bonus. For example, if you deposited 20 mBTC, you’ll receive a bonus of 10 mBTC.
  6. You then need to wager through the deposit plus the bonus amount 15x to be able to withdraw winnings. For example, if you deposited 20 mBTC and received a bonus of 10 mBTC, you need to place bets totalling 450 mBTC.
  7. As with the other offers, make sure these are at bhav of at least ½ (1.50).
  8. Enjoy your winnings!

At the time of writing, the current conversion used for 1 mBTC is:

  • 2,000,000 Satoshi
  • 0.02 BTC
  • INR 11,130

Bitcoin First Deposit Bonus Terms and Conditions

  • Valid for all players using Bitcoin.
  • Players need to create a new Dafabet Bitcoin account.
  • Bets drawn, voided, cashed out, refunded or placed on Jackpots and Virtuals don’t count.
  • Wagering of 15x before a player can withdraw.
  • Minimum odds are ½ (1.50).
  • Players not eligible for any rebates or cashback until the wagering requirement is completed.
  • mBTC values are fixed and are not a direct conversion.
  • Deposit method, withdrawal restrictions and full T&C’s apply.
  • 18+. www.begambleaware.com

Safety and Security

The fact that Dafabet’s has been operating in the Asian gaming market since 2004 is a positive for us. This means the popular online bookmaker has had a long time to establish itself and cement its security protocols. This makes them a very trustworthy cricket betting site in India.

All information you provide is transferred using encryption technologies and stored on servers protected by modern firewalls. And we really like that it has a dedicated section on its site for identifying a real version compared with a fake one.

The bookmaker has a lot of information and help topics available, which is excellent.

We’re happy to say that the UK site heavily promotes GAMSTOP, BeGambleAware and IBAS, all of which are in place to help protect and support customers.

Licensing – Great News for Betting in India

We can only recommend a bookmaker to you if it has a legal licence. This needs to be held with the governing body in the market it’s operating in. We’re glad to report that the Indian side to Dafabet is licensed and regulated by the Philippine government.

Of note is that the Dafabet parent company, Asian BGE (Isle of Man) Ltd, is registered with and licensed by The United Kingdom Gambling Commission and The Office of the Revenue Commissioners in the Republic of Ireland. This is a great sign that customers can trust this site in India or elsewhere around the world.

Deposit and Withdrawal Options in Rupees

It’s great to see that there is a dedicated section for Indian betting customers.

However, the possible deposit and withdrawal methods are limited to:

  • Local bank transfer.
  • E-wallets.
  • Bitcoin.

Local bank transfer methods are:

  • Online banking.
  • ATM/CDM.
  • Over-the-counter.
  • Inter-bank.

Your e-wallet options for Dafabet are:

As we’ve already mentioned, you need a separate account to use Bitcoin as a currency. When you have your Dafa Sports mBTC account open, you can deposit using either:

  • Lightning.
  • On-Chain.

The process for doing this is:

  1. Log into your Dafa Sports mBTC account.
  2. Select the Cashier option.
  3. Make sure you’re on the deposit tab and then select your payment method.
  4. Enter the deposit amount and the wallet option.
  5. You’ll then be provided with a Bitcoin address by the processor.
  6. Copy this and paste it into the necessary wallet, or scan a QR code.
  7. Wait a few minutes for the funds to show.

For making a withdrawal with Bitcoin, you can use either:

  • OpenNode Lighting.
  • OpenNode Standard BTC.

To make a withdrawal with Bitcoin:

  1. Log into your Dafa Sports mBTC account.
  2. Select the Cashier option.
  3. Make sure you’re on the withdrawal tab and then select your payment method.
  4. Enter the Bitcoin address and amount.
  5. Hit the process button.
  6. Wait for the process to complete, which can be a few minutes.

Exact methods available to you will be confirmed when you’ve registered your account and attempt to make your first deposit.

The company is proactive in encouraging its customers to contact its Live Chat if you have any questions relating to deposits and withdrawals.

They advised us of this extra information when depositing and withdrawing:

  • If using a credit card or e-wallet, the personal information attached to them must be the same as your Dafabet account. No third-party transactions are allowed.
  • If your request isn’t made instantly, you can view the status using the Transaction History screen within the Cashier section of your account.
  • Withdrawal requests are stated as “pending” until the site starts their processing

Processing Times for Deposits and Withdrawals

The fastest banking methods for deposits and withdrawals are the e-wallet options:

  • Local bank transfer — 2–4 hours.
  • All e-wallet methods — instant.
  • Bitcoin — OpenNode Lightning — instant.
  • Other Bitcoin methods — up to 3 minutes depending on the method.

Note that the site mentions local bank transfers are faster if you submit a screenshot of your bank statement. We like that the bookie includes this since it’s an extra security layer of security for your personal information.

The above times are how long it takes the company to process your deposits and withdrawals. The payment provider may have their own time restrictions, especially when using Bitcoin and the wallets. It’s hard for the site to mention the processing time for Bitcoin since it’s heavily reliant on the third party’s process and the efficiency of the blockchain. The fluctuation in the value of Bitcoin also plays a part in any delays.

If something is taking longer than expected, contact customer services via Live Chat or email.

Are There Any Processing Fees?

The company itself doesn’t charge you for making deposits and withdrawals. This isn’t to say that the payment provider itself won’t charge you, though. Be sure to confirm with them if they charge for making deposits and withdrawals.

Minimum Deposits and Withdrawal Times

Payment Method Min Deposit Withdrawal Time
Visa (via Skrill) 675 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
Mastercard (via Skrill) 675 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
ecoPayz 500 INR Instant
Neteller 500 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
Skrill 500 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
Skrill 1-Tap 500 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
Skrill Prepaid Card 675 INR 2-4 Hours (Once Approved)
Local Bank Transfer 1000 INR 1-4 Banking Days (Once Processed)

The Cricket Betting Experience

Our first impression when browsing Dafabet’s sportsbook is very positive. It’s a great option for cricket betting in India. The site is laid out incredibly effectively. We particularly like that cricket is the very first on the list! It then promotes other popular sports such as tennis, football, basketball and kabaddi before an alphabetical list of the rest of the sports it covers.

You can switch between pre-match and in-play markets at the single click of the relevant button. This then changes the different matches and markets available instantly.

Dafabet Cricket Betting India

Using the cricket sportsbook as an example, a single click on the drop-down menu shows a well-laid-out tier of the different cricket betting areas. This makes it very easy to locate the different matches and further cricket betting options. We had our bet on India vs. South Africa in the next test match in our bet slip within 5 or 6 seconds.

Promoting cricket and having excellent promotions is one thing. Having competitive cricket odds is another. What’s the point in having IPL odds that are so much lower than the competition? Customers will just go to another online cricket betting site.

When considering a range of markets including options such as Top Batsman for an upcoming One Day International involving India, Dafabet had lots of competitive prices. We’re confident that bettors around the world will like what they see in this regard.

Accumulator Betting Options

Accumulators are possible by simply adding multiple legs into the bet slip. The maximum amount of legs you can have in an accumulator is 12. This can be a mix of pre-match and in-play bets.

Currently, there aren’t any promotions for multiple bets. It’s usual for online bookmakers to offer a refund if one leg loses, so keep an eye out for this in the future!

Dafabet’s Betting App in India

Your options for mobile betting with Dafabet in India are by either the mobile site or by downloading the Android app. Sadly, iOS users are unable to access a mobile app. Those with Apple devices can use the site as usual via the mobile web version. This offers all the same markets as you’d see on a desktop.

To download the Android app, either;

  • Scan the QR code on the main site, or
  • Visit dfgameplay.com/DFSAPPEN

You then install the app like you do any other Android app. Don’t forget to “Allow Unknown Sources” in your phone’s security settings when prompted.

Once installed, log into your account and begin betting.

We recommend you create your account and carry out the welcome bonus and any other bonuses on the desktop site, though. The terms don’t state whether bets placed on mobiles will qualify, so it’s best to be safe.

Live Betting on Cricket and Other Sports

In fact, in-play betting is possible across many different sports, including cricket, football, basketball, tennis, and many more.

The in-play betting interface is rather confusing, though. The overview screen tries to do too much, with as many games as possible on the one screen combined with multiple markets, such as Match Odds, Handicaps, and Overs/Unders. With this in mind, take your time when selecting a bet and make sure it’s correct in your bet slip, especially since the live cricket rates move very quickly.

Live streaming is available across many different sporting events, as long as your account has funds in it. Some restrictions will apply depending on your location though. Even if the game isn’t televised, Dafabet has invested in a live data feed for the majority of its events, providing you with some visuals and stats of the event.

In-play cricket betting is definitely an option here with live cricket odds updated after every ball.

VIP Program in India

Dafabet is proud to advertise its VIP program on the main page and throughout its promotions. And, we were impressed that all of the below were available to Indian customers when we conducted our research.

The different levels are:

  • Bronze.
  • Silver.
  • Gold.
  • Platinum.

Dafabet VIP program levels

All of the site’s members can join the bronze level; it seems this is done just by registering an account. To rank up to the next levels, you need to meet a specific amount of betting each month. At the time of writing, these are:

  • From Bronze to Silver: INR 1,200,000 / 2,500 mBTC.
  • From Silver to Gold: INR 10,000,000 / 15,000 mBTC.

In addition to the above requirement to move up a level, to stay at a VIP level, there’s a further monthly betting requirement:

  • Silver: 6,500,000 / 10,000 mBTC.
  • Gold: 6,500,000 / 10,000 mBTC.

What are the benefits of each level of the VIP program?

The benefits of being at the Bronze level are:

  • Rebates — for casino and games (unlimited), live dealer (daily), mix parlay unlimited (daily), number game & virtuals sports (weekly), and sports (weekly).
  • Cashback & reload offers — eSports and weekly reloads.
  • Deposit and withdrawal prioritisation.

As you rank up the VIP levels, the rebates and cashback and reload rates for the above increase. In addition to these increases, the following extras are unlocked

For Silver:

  • Exclusive gifts, rewards & tournaments.

For Gold, the above, plus:

  • VIP exclusive promotions & bonuses.
  • Priority payment solutions.
  • Access to exclusive payment solutions.
  • 24/7 personal VIP customer care team.
  • Access to exclusive games.

Achieving Platinum status is by invitation only. On top of the above incentives, rebates, cashback rates and reload offers for bronze, silver, and gold, platinum members receive:

  • VIP welcome bonus.
  • Exclusive elite recognition.
  • 24/7 specialised VIP support.
  • Monthly raffle draw.
  • Premiere invitation to exclusive events.
  • Higher deposit limits.
  • Faster payouts.
  • VIP high roller table game limits.
  • Exclusive access to VIP live table games.
  • Higher rebates on bonuses.

Note that the entirety of the above benefits is correct at the time of writing. These all subject to specific terms and conditions. If you have a query with regards to any of these, the customer support department will help you.

24/7 Support via Live Chat, Email and more

Dafabet’s customer support department can be contacted by any of these methods:

  • 24/7 Live Chat.
  • Email.
  • Telephone.
  • Facebook.

All standard and expected options. However, we were extremely impressed with how easy it was to locate them. In particular, we didn’t have to hunt for the Live Chat service. It’s easy to access by a side-bar pop-up. Within 10 seconds, we were chatting to an incredibly helpful agent who managed to answer our questions.

To get in touch with them via email, you can use the direct email address of [email protected] or fill in the easy-to-use contact form.

If you prefer a telephone conversation, the current numbers are:

  • India                00080-0100-7166
  • UK                   00 800-7423-2274

It also has a comprehensive list of numbers for other countries. Since these are subject to change and dependent on your location, we encourage you to confirm these with the site.

We only contacted them via Live Chat. However, if the agents via the other methods are as helpful and knowledgeable, you’ll be happy with their service.

Where Else Is The Site Available?

Dafabet established itself as an Asian betting company. However, it’s recognised the need to target the massive UK betting sector too, and so it has a dedicated UK website.

There’s a clear focus on the Indian market, specifically for cricket betting. This is clear to be seen by its welcome offer and major promotions being aimed at cricket.

Currently, the website can be translated into the following languages:

  • English (Asia).
  • English (Europe).
  • Chinese.
  • Thai.
  • Vietnamese.
  • Indonesian.
  • Japanese.
  • Korean.
  • Greek.
  • Polish.
  • Portuguese.
  • Spanish.

On top of the above translation methods, you can tailor the sportsbook appearance between a European and Asian style. This could be very useful for cricket betting in India.

Also, there’s a handy drop-down list in the top-right to change your quick-access “Live Chat” and “Help” options between:

  • EURO.
  • US.
  • MALAY.
  • INDO.
  • HK.

Current available currencies are:

  • CNY/RMB: Chinese Yuan/Renminbi.
  • MYR: Malaysian Ringgit.
  • THB: Thai Baht.
  • VND: Vietnamese Dong.
  • IDR: Indonesian Rupiah.
  • KRW: South Korean Won.
  • INR: Indian Rupee.
  • USD: United States Dollar.
  • GBP: Great Britain Pound.
  • EUR: Euro.
  • PLN: Polish Zloty.
  • RUB: Russian Ruble.
  • mBTC: Bitcoin.

Summary

It’s clear to see from this Dafabet review how focused the online bookmaker is on cricket betting. With a cricket-focused welcome bonus and reload bonus, that’s not something to ignore. Such promotions set a clear example that customers in India aren’t just welcome – they’re highly valued!

The sports betting experience was generally positive for us. We especially liked how easy it was to place a pre-match bet at competitive cricket odds. The in-play display could do with some simplification, though. Hopefully, that will happen in the future.

The company has a high-quality customer service department and a website full of helpful resources and options. We have a summary below of the best bits and where it can improve; however, we’re happy to consider Dafabet as one of the best online betting sites in India.

18+, New Customers Only, Gamble Responsibly – www.begambleaware.org

All bonuses are subject to Dafabet’s Terms & Conditions.

Pros
Valuable welcome bonus for Indian customers
Cricket betting in India is a priority
Tailored betting bonuses for cricket
Competitive cricket odds
Excellent customer service
Mobile betting available
Extensive VIP program
Deposits available in INR
Cons
Limited banking options
Lack of support for self-restriction
In-play betting confusing at first
No dedicated iOS app

Dafabet - Frequently Asked Questions

OPEN / CLOSE ALL
Is Dafabet legal in India?

Yes, we’re pleased to report that Dafabet welcome customers who live in India. What’s more, they have a dedicated welcome bonus available in INR too.

Is Dafabet safe in India?

Dafabet hold a gaming licence with the United Kingdom Gambling Commission. This is one of the leading authorities in the world and we see it as a major positive for using the site or app in India and around the world.

How do you get a a bonus at Dafabet?

There are several bonuses available on cricket. Indian customers can get a monthly cashback offer as well as a Bitcoin first deposit bonus, even if they’ve already got an account.

How do I download the Dafabet app?

You can download the Dafabet app from the Google Play store or via the QR code on their site.

At the moment there is no iOS app available in India. However, Apple users can access the mobile web version in their browser.

Do Dafabet have a VIP program?

Yes, there is a VIP program available. It’s open to customers around the world, including India. There are four levels, covering Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum based on your activity.

New title

Jim
Jim is a cricket fanatic with a decade of experience in the iGaming industry. He is a real sports nerd and since falling in love with betting while at University he has combined his passions. He strives to provide sports fans and gamblers alike with the most insightful, accurate analysis possible.